Arm introduced its first v9 Cortex processors, which are designed and deliver next-generation performance. The new range of processors from the UK-based company in Cambridge will take over Intel and includes Arm Cortex-X2 as a leading offer, which is designed not only for high-end smartphones, but also for laptops. There’s also the Cortex-A710 for a wide range of smartphones, laptops, smart TVs and smart home devices, as well as the lower-end Cortex-A510. In addition to the new processors, Arm has introduced a new family of Mali GPUs, consisting of Mali-G710, Mali-G610, Mali-G510 and Mali-G310.
Like announced At the end of March, the Armv9 processor architecture aims to provide better performance, along with improved machine learning, digital signal processor (DSP) and security experience for customers.
The first and first-class option in the v9 CPU range is the Arm Cortex-X2, the successor to the Cortex-X1, which is available on the latest chipsets, including Qualcomm Snapdragon 888 and Samsung Exynos 2100. The processor is designed specifically for premium smartphones and laptops. It is said to provide more than a 16 percent improvement in productivity and twice as fast machine learning processing than its predecessor. The single-threaded performance of the new processor is also claimed to be 40 percent higher than the main laptop processors for 2020. As for smartphones, it is claimed that the Cortex-X2 can provide a 30 percent improvement in single-threaded performance compared to the first-class Android flagships on today’s market.
The hand uses its DynamIQ-110 shared module (DSU-110) to increase the performance of the Cortex-X2 processor. The configurable cluster approach allows up to eight Cortex-X2 cores in one cluster – along with greater support for L3 cache of up to 16MB. This will help reduce data latency.
Manufacturers, of course, will be able to adjust CPU configurations according to their requirements and market demand.
Unlike the Cortex-X2, which is designed for high-end devices, the Arm has the Cortex-A710 for a range of smartphones, laptops and smart TVs, among other hardware devices. It is estimated to provide a 10% increase in performance at the same power range of the previous generation Arm Cortex-A78 processor, along with a 30% increase in energy efficiency and a twofold increase in machine learning processing. Cortex-A710 is the first “big” core of Armv9, which is designed for chipsets based on the big.LITTLE architecture.
For lower-end devices and the LITTLE core in the next-generation SoC, Arm has brought the Cortex-A510. It is said to provide a 35% increase in performance over the previous generation Cortex-A55. The new processor is also rated as 20 percent more energy efficient and three times faster in machine learning processing than its predecessor.
The Cortex-A510 has a three-wide custom design that brings better energy as well as area efficiency. Manufacturers can even group two Cortex-A510 processors into a complex, with multiple processor cluster complexes, the company said.
Like the Cortex-X2, the Cortex-A710 and Cortex-A510 have the DSU-110 as a processor cluster. It carries “cases of long-term use” such as AAA games in the new Cortex-A processors. The three processors in the Armv9 range also have Secure-EL2, which offers a standard security mechanism for isolating trusted services. The company has also provided its Memory Marking Extension (MTE) to detect and prevent memory security vulnerabilities. The adoption of MTE is already under development for Android.
“We are also turning to Control Integrity Flow with two new built-in features – Pointer Authentication (PAC) and Target Branch Identifiers (BTI)”, the company said in a blog post. “These two hardware mechanisms allow strong prevention of return-oriented attacks (ROP) and JOP-oriented programming (JOP). Based on our research to activate these two features, the number of gadgets available to an attacker in Glibc has decreased by about 98 percent, with the code size increasing by only about 2 percent. “
The new Armv9 processors also include crypto instructions in NEON and SVE2 space and speculation barriers with built-in microarchitecture that are said to help mitigate side channel attacks.
Along with the new processors, Arm too introduced the Mali-G710 graphics processor – its most efficient graphics processor, which provides up to 20 percent improvement in performance and energy efficiency, as well as a 35 percent increase in machine learning over the Mali-G78. The graphics processor replaces the existing task manager with a command flow interface (CSF), which Arm says helps meet the demands of modern APIs, such as Vulkan, and future trends in mobile gaming content. There are also a configurable number of cores, starting with seven cores and scaling up to 16 cores. The number is indeed less than the 24-core scalability available on the Mali-G78. However, Arm claims that the cores of the new GPU are larger and better in terms of performance and energy efficiency.
Arm also released the Mali-G610 as its premium graphics processor with the new CSF, similar to the Mali-G710. However, it is aimed at lower priced smartphones, which are lower priced than the Mali-G710 phones.
In addition, the new portfolio has a Mali-G510 graphics processor, which is said to be 22 percent more energy efficient than the Mali-G57 and allows for a 100 percent boost to machine learning. It is aimed at mid-range smartphones, premium DTV, decoders (STB) and Chromebooks.
The Mali GPU range also features the Mali-G310, a lower-end stable option that comes with six times better texturing performance, 4.5 times better Vulkan performance, and twice the improvement in content rendering. of the Android user interface compared to the Mali-G31.
Arm has not provided a schedule for when we will see the new processors and GPUs in devices on the market. However, given the fact that chipmakers will take some time to implement the new technologies, we will probably see some action in 2023. The arrival of new Arm offerings will also remove 32-bit chips and make 64 -Home architecture more prominent.